-Akhlaq Ahmed Usmani
When Kazakhstan would be celebrating its 25th independence on 16th of December this year, the country will be proud of the accomplishment that it has grown its economy sixteen times larger, i.e. approximately doubling in every alternate year.
Hero of independence and leader Nursultan Nazarbayev is continuously providing stability to the country. He has been in power for the past 25 years and the country is gaining steady progress. Capital Astana is probably the world's most modern and magnificent capital. The nation is preparing for the international investment program in expo2017 where thousands of investors and representatives from one hundred nations will take part in it. Kazakhstan is India’s closest friend and is looking ahead to get India’s collaboration for the development of the economy. On the auspicious occasion of completing 25 years of independence, international conference, “25 Years of Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Outcomes, Accomplishments, Vision for the Future” was organised in the capital of Astana. Discussions on those topics took place about which the external world is ignorant.“Will represent the interests of central Asian countries.”- Idrissov
Erlan Idrissov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan focused on the challenges faced by Kazakhstan at the beginning of its independence, as well as converged on President Nursultan Nazarbayev's multi-vectored foreign policy’s success so far. He mentioned International peacemaking initiatives and addressed about how he had achieved the respect of the international community.
He disclosed about nation's achievements so far and noticed Kazakhstan chairing the OSCE in 2010 and the OIC in 2011-2012, joining the WTO in 2015, hosting EXPO 2017, and gaining a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for 2017-2018 indicates that the young nation is perceived as a respected and reliable partner of the world community.
The head of the foreign ministry being a member country in UNSC quoted Kazakh’s priorities. Idrissov affirmed that Kazakhstan will take full responsibility for its commitments. while representing the interests of Central Asian countries, and will seek to build new partnerships, while strengthening existing relations, with other members of the United Nations.
Foreign minister apprehended that Kazakhstan intends to use its influence and experience to further promote and strengthen regional and global security, and “to continue to be a responsible and active citizen of the world.” “We have created 2 million jobs in this period”-Nigmatulin Chairman of ‘Mazhilis’ of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nurlan Nigmatulin noted that “over the last two and a half decades of its recent history, Kazakhstan – under the leadership of President Nursultan Nazarbayev – has made an incredible way from a peripheral Soviet republic, which played a purely raw-exports role in the Soviet Union, to the full-fledged member of the world community, a regional leader, a modern state with a strong economy and a stable society.”
Nurlan talked about the nation's greatest achievement and mentioned the establishment of the National Fund (modelled on Norway’s oil fund), which is solely responsible for significant productivity growth, a massive increase in industrial output and in wages, as well as the formulation of more than two million jobs. “Kazakhstan should increase its friendly relation with India.”-Frederick ‘Kazakhstan 2041: the Next Twenty-Five Years’ – a joint report prepared by analysts from the Institute for Security and Development Policy (ISDP, Stockholm) and the Central Asia-Caucasus Institute of the Johns Hopkins University (CACI, Washington DC) was the key highlight. In the paper representative of the scholars, Frederick Starr presented their views on the future of Kazakhstan and made recommendations for maintaining positive trends in the socio-political and socio-economic development of the country. The report highlighted the importance of enhancing the efficiency of public institutions; establishing dialogue and cooperation between the Government and its citizens; establishing the secular foundations of the independent statehood; adapting to domestic and regional demographic changes; and establishing equitable and balanced relations with international partners, including the major economic and political powers.
While advocating and emphasising on strengthening indo-Kazakh’s relations, Starr stated that India is an emerging economy and a strong southern Asian nation. While suggesting to make Kazakh’s president the next chief guest on the auspicious occasion of India’s 60 th Republic Day, he stated that he had mentioned in his research papers that southern Asia including India has twice the population of china and that too young. He also stated that in coming decades not only India but other nations of southern Asia as well would be the significant part of Eurasia’s economy. He does not look upon the landlocked countries as the obstructions and moreover believes that one could reach anywhere in the Asia via road. While reviewing indo-Pak and indo-china business through roadways he mentioned that Moscow and Beijing could be far but not Kazakhstan. While denoting to business centres in Kabul, Starr stated that Kazakhstan thinks that Afghanistan is an important area of the Indian subcontinent and wants to broaden its reach.“Want to learn from India”-Sultan Sultan Ekimbekov, Director of the Institute of World Economy and Politics under the Foundation of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan told that India is the largest country in the area and Kazakhstan is an essential nation in central Asia. Not only movement from china to Europe but south to north as well, Kazakhstan's status becomes more prominent with the development of road infrastructure. Kazakhstan secures a special place and India could give it a reach to south Asia.
Kazakhstan has achieved so much in past 24 years and India has attained its independence after struggles. India could teach Kazakh about infrastructural development. India is our brother-Gany Gany Kassymov, Speaker of Senate Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan cited that India is one of the first countries, which has recognised Kazakhstan as a nation. He had been to India and considers it as Kazakhstan brother. We are working on collaborative business and economics policies. We take industrial and light industrial everyday use products from India but are more engrossed in acquiring expertise from it rather than imports. We are concentrating on increasing our business ties in southern Asia, we are concentrating over Pakistan and Bangladesh as well, though we could get benefitted of regional access from Afghanistan.
Conference speakers, as well discussions among participants that followed, were of considerable interest to political and academic figures, experts, students, and a number of Kazakh and foreign mass media representatives. Main Attendees Attendees at the conference included: Speaker of the Mazhilis, Nurlan Nigmatulin; Minister of Foreign Affairs, Erlan Idrissov; Deputy Speaker of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of Russia,Vladimir Vasilyev; Deputy Speaker of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey, Mehmet Hamzaçebi; First Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Finland, Mauri Pekkarinen; Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of Belarus, Baliaslau Pirshtuk; Deputy Chairman of the Zhogorku Kenesh of Kyrgyzstan, Altynai Omurbekova; European Union Special Representative for Central Asia, Peter Burian; Advisor to the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Dr. Seyed Rasoul Mousavi; high representatives of legislative bodies from Germany, Latvia, and Hungary; and well-respected experts from leading think tanks from Russia, China, USA, Turkey, Iran, Poland, and Sweden. The conference covered a wide range of issues around Kazakhstan’s development during its years of independence. Notable discussion topics included “Major Results of Economic and Political Reforms in Kazakhstan”, “Kazakhstan in International Relations”, and “Kazakhstan: Vision for the Future.” Kazakhstan Story of Success Kazakhstan announced its independence from soviet union 25 years ago. its 70% of the population comprises of Sunni Muslims and it is entirely a secular nation. Kazakhstan has successfully expanded its economy 16 times. It is a nation which has developed on the foundation of its small, medium and micro industries under which 25 lakh ( Here ’25 lakh’ means 2.5 millions) people gets their livelihood which contributes to the 30% of its GDP. Kazakhstan acknowledged the policies of their president Nursultan Nazarbayev to be the sole cause of their advancement in this succinct time.
(also inputs from Ministry of Foreign ministry, Kazakhstan)